Synonyms: Carbinamine, Aminomethane, Monomethylamine, R 630, MMA
Methylamine CH3NH2 is an organic ammonia derivative, a primary aliphatic amine. Under normal conditions, methylamine is a colorless gas with an ammonia odor. Methylamine is a typical primary amine. Methylamine forms salts with acids. Reactions with aldehydes and acetals lead to Schiff bases. When reacted with esters or acyl chlorides it gives amides. As a rule, it is used in the form of solutions: 40% (wt%) in water, methanol, ethanol or THF. It has good solubility in water.
It is used for the synthesis of pesticides, drugs, dyes. The most important of the products are N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, methylformamide, caffeine, ephedrine and N,N’-dimethylurea. It is also a minor nitrogenous excretion in bony fish. It is widely used in several applications:
- in drug development and synthesis;
- in the photography industry;
- in the agricultural field.
Methylamine is used in the manufacture of household chemical formulations (adhesives, some dyes and solvents). It is part of most herbicides and insecticides.
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